Deep Learning Based a Comprehensive Analysis for Waste Prediction

  • Anıl Utku Department of Computer Engineering, Munzur University, Tunceli, Turkey
  • Sema Kayapinar Kaya Department of Industrial Engineering, Munzur University, Tunceli, Turkey https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8575-4965
Keywords: waste management, deep learning, machine learning, Long Short-Term Memory

Abstract

In its simplest definition, waste can be defined as any substance that is used, not needed and causes harm to the environment. Waste management covers control activities such as prevention of the formation of waste, reuse, separation according to its characteristics and type, storage, transportation, recycling and disposal. The main purpose of waste management is to leave a livable world to future generations, to create a sustainable environment, to protect natural resources, to save energy and costs, to reduce the rate of pollution and the amount of hazardous waste. In today's world where urbanization and industrialization rates are increasing, waste management is gaining importance. The aim of this study is to utilize waste data from Istanbul, Turkey's largest and fastest growing city, to estimate waste amount using a constructed Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) based deep learning model.  The developed LSTM-based model has been compared in practice with k-Nearest Neighbors (kNN), random forest (RF), Support Vector Machine (SVM), multi-layered perceptron (MLP) and Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU). As a result of the comparative and comprehensive analyzes, the experimental results showed that the developed LSTM-based deep learning method is more successful in the waste prediction problem than the other compared models.

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Published
2022-08-19
How to Cite
Utku, A., & Kayapinar Kaya, S. (2022). Deep Learning Based a Comprehensive Analysis for Waste Prediction. Operational Research in Engineering Sciences: Theory and Applications, 5(2), 176-189. https://doi.org/10.31181/oresta190822135u