A systematic review and analysis of risk assessment in highway construction project

  • Ismail Nur Ariyanto Civil Engineering Department, Mercu Buana University, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Humiras Hardi Purba Industrial Engineering Department, Mercu Buana University, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Aleksander Purba Civil Engineering Department, Lampung University, Lampung, Indonesia
Keywords: Risk, Highway Project, Road, Construction, Pavement


Before planning and managing risks to reduce the causes of severe risks associated with road construction, it is very important to conduct an evaluation first. Aspects related to risk are convoluted in several steps from design to planning to project fulfillment. This research aims to implement a complete risk management process for highway construction projects. Through this process, there will be a list of risks in the highway construction project (risk identification) and the definition of the most significant risk through the application of the evaluation process (applying risk analysis and valuation). To successfully improve the performance of road projects, it is necessary to identify and assess various risk factors in a project for efficient project fulfillment. The research method begins by reviewing at least 50 articles to find a list of the main risk factors that might be encountered during highway construction. This analysis involves the identification, classification, and assessment of various risks involved in the construction of a highway project.


Download data is not yet available.


Andrić, J. M., Wang, J., Zou, P. X. W., Zhang, J., & Zhong, R. (2019). Fuzzy Logic-Based Method for Risk Assessment of Belt and Road Infrastructure Projects. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 145(12), 1–12.

Azambuja, M., & Chen, X. (2014). Risk Assessment of a Ready-Mix Concrete Supply Chain. Construction Research Congress 2014 ©ASCE 2014, 1695–1703. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413517.173

Bypaneni, S. P. K., & Tran, D. Q. (2018). Empirical Identification and Evaluation of Risk in Highway Project Delivery Methods. Journal of Management in Engineering, 34(3), 1–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000602

Castro-Nova, I., Gad, G. M., Touran, A., Cetin, B., & Gransberg, D. D. (2018). Evaluating the Influence of Differing Geotechnical Risk Perceptions on Design-Build Highway Projects. ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering, 4(4), 1–11.

Chu, L., & Fwa, T. F. (2016). Incorporating Pavement Skid Resistance and Hydroplaning Risk Considerations in Asphalt Mix Design. Journal of Transportation Engineering, 142(10). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000872

Creedy, G. D., Skitmore, M., & Wong, J. K. W. (2010). Evaluation of risk factors leading to cost overrun in delivery of highway construction projects. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 136(5), 528–537. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000160

Cruz, C. O., & Marques, R. C. (2013). Risk-sharing in highway concessions: Contractual diversity in Portugal. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 139(2), 99–108. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)EI.1943-5541.0000131

Damnjanovic, I., & Zhang, Z. (2008). Risk-based model for valuation of performance-specified pavement maintenance contracts. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 134(7), 492–500. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2008)134:7(492)

Diab, M. F., Varma, A., & Panthi, K. (2017). Modeling the Construction Risk Ratings to Estimate the Contingency in Highway Projects. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 143(8), 1–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001334

El-Sayegh, S. M., & Mansour, M. H. (2015). Risk assessment and allocation in highway construction projects in the UAE. Journal of Management in Engineering, 31(6). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000365

Firouzi, A., & Vahdatmanesh, M. (2019). Applicability of Financial Derivatives for Hedging Material Price Risk in Highway construction. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 145(5), 1–13.

Fontán-Pagán, J. J., González-Quevedo, S. L., & González-Quevedo, A. (2016). Use of a Hybrid Bidding Method for Costs and Risk Reduction in Highway Construction. Construction Research Congress 2016: Old and New Construction Technologies Converge in Historic San Juan - Proceedings of the 2016 Construction Research Congress, CRC 2016, 759–769. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784479827.077

Gharaibeh, N. G., & Shirazi, H. (2009). Risk-Based model for pricing highway infrastructure warranties. Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 15(4), 378–382. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1076-0342(2009)15:4(378)

Ghorbani, A., Ravanshadnia, M., & Nobakht, M. B. (2014). A Survey of Risks in Public Private Partnership Highway Projects in Iran. ICCREM 2014: Smart Construction and Management in the Context of New Technology - Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management, 482–492. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413777.058

Guo, G.-G., Tian, B.-J., Hu, C.-Y., & Yang, W.-C. (2019). The Applicability Analysis of “Technical Guide for Implementation of Highway Safety and Life Protection Engineering” in Risk Assessment of Mountainous Rural Roads. CICTP 2019, 3797–3809.

Hall, K. D., Xiao, D. X. P., A., E. W., & CP, K. (2011). Risk Analysis Of Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Methods. ICTE 2011 © ASCE 2011, 2151–2156. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/41184(419)355

Hanna, A. S., Blasier, K., & Aoun, D. G. (2015). Risk Misallocation on Highway Construction Projects. Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction, 7(4), 04515002. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)LA.1943-4170.0000176

Heravi, G., & Hajihosseini, Z. (2012). Risk allocation in public-private partnership infrastructure projects in developing countries: Case article of the Tehran-Chalus toll road. Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 18(3), 210–217. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)IS.1943-555X.0000090

Honjo, Y., Otake, Y., Moriguchi, S., & Hara1, T. (2011). Road Slopes Risk Assessment of the Northern Part of Gifu Prefecture Japan. GeoRisk 2011 © ASCE 2011, 988–996. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/41183(418)107

Hu, Q. F., & Huang, H. W. (2011). Quantified Risk Assessment of Shield Tunneling Effects on Urban Cement Concrete Pavement. GeoRisk 2011 © ASCE 2011, 915–922. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/41183(418)98

Kaleem, S., Irfan, M., & Gabriel, H. F. (2014). Estimation of highway project duration at the planning stage and analysis of risk factors leading to time overrun. T and DI Congress 2014: Planes, Trains, and Automobiles - Proceedings of the 2nd Transportation and Development Institute Congress, 612–626. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413586.059

Le, T., Caldas, C. H., Gibson, G. E., & Thole, M. (2009). Assessing scope and managing risk in the highway project development process. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 135(9), 900–910. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000052

Li, Y., & Bai, Y. (2009). Highway work zone risk factors and their impact on crash severity. Journal of Transportation Engineering, 135(10), 694–701. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000055

Li, Z., & Madanu, S. (2009). Highway project level life-cycle benefit/cost analysis under certainty, risk, and uncertainty: Methodology with case study. Journal of Transportation Engineering, 135(8), 516–526. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000012

Liu, H., Shan, Y., Ge, X., & Lu, J. (2017). The Research on Construction Risk Evaluation in Mountainous Roads. CICTP 2017, 5101–5109. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784480915.526

Louhghalam, A., & Ulm, F. J. (2016). Risk of pavement fracture due to eigenstresses at early ages and beyond. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 142(12), 1–12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)EM.1943-7889.0001167

Lu, F., Qian, S., & Wang, Y. (2013). Article on risk evaluation methods of road work zone on urban expressway. ICTIS 2013: Improving Multimodal Transportation Systems - Information, Safety, and Integration - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Transportation Information and Safety, 178–184. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413036.025

Molenaar, K. R. (2005). Programmatic cost risk analysis for highway megaprojects. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 131(3), 343–353. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2005)131:3(343)

Mukhopadhyay, S., Shane, J. S., & Strong, K. C. (2012). Safety risk analysis and proposing risk mitigation strategies for operations and maintenance activities in highways: A qualitative method. Construction Research Congress 2012: Construction Challenges in a Flat World, Proceedings of the 2012 Construction Research Congress, 525–534. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784412329.053

Nasir, D., McCabe, B., & Hartono, L. (2003). Evaluating Risk in Construction-Schedule Model (ERIC-S): Construction schedule risk model. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 129(5), 518–527. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2003)129:5(518)

Nguyen, A., Mollik, A., & Chih, Y. Y. (2018). Managing Critical Risks Affecting the Financial Viability of Public-Private Partnership Projects: Case Article of Toll Road Projects in Vietnam. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 144(12).

Nguyen, D. A., Garvin, M. J., & Gonzalez, E. E. (2018). Risk Allocation in U.S. Public-Private Partnership Highway Project Contracts. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 144(5), 1–13. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001465

Nicholson, A. (2020). Road Safety: Risk Management Perspective. ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering, 6(1), 1–10.

Pantelidis., L. (2011). An innovative landslide risk assessment system: Application to highway embankments. Geotechnical Special Publication, 224 GSP, 1012–1019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/41183(418)110

Pineda, G., & Arboleda, C. A. (2014). Assessing Operational Risks in Road Projects under the PPP Framework in Colombia. Construction Research Congress 2014 ©ASCE 2014, 1811–1820. Sarkar, D., & Dutta, G. (2010). Design and application of risk adjusted cumulative sum for strength monitoring of ready mixed concrete. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 136(6), 623–631. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413517.185

Shiraki, N., Shinozuka, M., Moore, J. E., Chang, S. E., Kameda, H., & Tanaka, S. (2007). System risk curves: Probabilistic performance scenarios for highway networks subject to earthquake damage. Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 13(1), 43–54. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1076-0342(2007)13:1(43)

Tokiwa, N., & Queiroz, C. (2017). Guarantees and Other Support Options for PPP Road Projects: Mitigating the Perception of Risks. Advances in Public-Private Partnerships - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Public-Private Partnerships, 624–632. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784480267.049

Tran, D., & Bypaneni, S. (2016). Impact of Correlation on Cost-Risk Analysis for Construction Highway Projects. Construction Research Congress 2016, 668–678. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784479827.068

Tran, D., & Molenaar, K. (2012). Critical risk factors in project delivery method selection for highway projects. Construction Research Congress 2012: Construction Challenges in a Flat World, Proceedings of the 2012 Construction Research Congress, Dbia 2010, 331–340. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784412329.034

Tran, D., & Molenaar, K. R. (2014). Impact of risk on design-build selection for highway design and construction projects. Journal of Management in Engineering, 30(2), 153–162. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000210

Tran, D., & Molenaar, K. R. (2015). Risk-Based Project Delivery Selection Model for Highway Design and Construction. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 141(12), 1–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001024

Wang, K. C. P., Luo, W., & Li, J. Q. (2014). Hydroplaning Risk Evaluation of Highway Pavements based on IMU and 1 mm 3D Texture Data. T&DI Congress 2014, 511–522. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784413586.049

Wang, M. T., & Chou, H. Y. (2003). Risk allocation and risk handling of highway projects in Taiwan. Journal of Management in Engineering, 19(2), 60–68. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0742-597X(2003)19:2(60)

Xiao, H., Jiang, H., & Zhang, Z. (2015). Analyzing the Risk Factors of Guangdong Province’s Rural Highway Using Interpretative Structural Model. CICTP 2015 - Efficient, Safe, and Green Multimodal Transportation - Proceedings of the 15th COTA International Conference of Transportation Professionals, 2876–2886. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784479292.264

Yan, M., Zhong-yin, G., Hua, G., & Yong-gang, X. (2014). Risk Assessment of Road Operation Environment Under Atrocious Weather Condition. ICCTP 2009: Critical Issues in Transportation Systems Planning, Development, and Management ©2009 ASCE, 683–692.

Yasamis-Speroni, F., Lee, D.-E., & Arditi, D. (2012). Evaluating the Quality Performance of Pavement Contractors. J. Constr. Eng. Manage, 1114–1124. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000539

Yuan, X. X., & Li, Y. (2018). Residual value risks of highway pavements in public-private partnerships. Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 24(3), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)IS.1943-555X.0000438

Zhao, Y. Q., Zhou, C. H., & Tan, Y. Q. (2009). Effects of layer interface conditions on fatigue behavior of asphalt pavements with semi-rigid bases. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of Chinese Transportation Professionals, ICCTP 2009: Critical Issues in Transportation System Planning, Development, and Management, 358, 2426–2435. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/41064(358)340

Zheng, Z., Lu, P., & Pan, D. (2019). Predicting Highway-Rail Grade Crossing Collision Risk by Neural Network Systems. Journal of Transportation Engineering Part A: Systems, 145(8), 1–8.

How to Cite
Ariyanto, I. N., Purba, H. H., & Purba, A. (2020). A systematic review and analysis of risk assessment in highway construction project . Operational Research in Engineering Sciences: Theory and Applications, 3(3), 29-47. https://doi.org/10.31181/oresta20303029a